Extreme Weather: Navigating Insurance in Uncertain Times
OCTOBER 5, 2021
Mother Nature has been busy. In just the past month, there have been multiple extreme weather events throughout the world: record-breaking snowfall, hurricanes, cyclones, winter storms, dust storms, record temperatures, heat domes, wildfires and floods. Natural disasters worldwide caused $268 billion of economic loss in 2020.
As the unpredictability of weather grows, it’s important to know how the insurance industry is responding and what you can do to protect yourself in this time of uncertainty.
More Intense Natural Disasters Have Led Insurers to Recalculate the Cost of Risk
Insurance companies have started investing heavily in state-of-the-art technology that models for climate and weather activity to better understand extreme weather and assess potential risk. As a result, insurers are capable of underwriting each risk based on a particular location’s merits and challenges. These tools have led to a much tighter insurance market, helping insurers distinguish the best risks for their interest and appetite.
Insurers have also started to curtail coverage in areas vulnerable to extreme weather activity and significantly increase premium. Disaster-prone areas carry a higher risk, reflected in higher premiums charged. Some homeowners, especially the elderly and those on fixed income, have been unable to keep up with the premium increases, and as a result, have turned to bare-bone policies offered by state and federal governments. Unfortunately, these policies come with significant downsides: customers may be grossly underinsured, and when disaster strikes, the homeowner and taxpayers will pay the bill.
How to Navigate the New Landscape of Insurance and Extreme Weather
The risk associated with extreme weather is rising, and yet behavioral economics research argues that we are collectively underinvesting in protecting ourselves. In The Ostrich Paradox: Why We Underprepare for Disasters, Robert Meyer and Howard Kunreuther point to several personal traits that expose us to greater risk from natural disasters:
- Individuals focus on short time horizons, and thus underprepare for future threats.
- When major disasters do occur, individuals are shocked, but quickly begin to let their guard down again.
- People are overly optimistic, and thus underestimate their own risk exposure.
No one wants to fall into the above referenced categories. So, how do consumers begin to navigate the complex world of insurance related to extreme weather?
- First, know your risk. Climatecheck.com provides risks at a given address. Having this information is vital to create an effective risk management plan and invest your insurance dollars most efficiently.
- Next, protect your property. The following actions will help protect your home against wildfire, hurricanes, floods, hail and earthquakes.
Click the below icons to reveal recommended preventative actions for each:
As Climate Impact Worsens, Homeowners Struggle to Find Affordable Insurance. Yale E360. August 25, 2021
California Protects Homeowners From Having Fire Insurance Dropped — Again. James Bikales. November 5, 2020